Case Studies

As part of the outline planning application submission, an archaeological desk-based assessment and archaeological ES chapter were prepared for the site. The reports identified that the site had some archaeological potential. A non-designated asset (a possible Iron Age/ Roman double ditched enclosure) was recorded within the site boundary. These cropmarks were highlighted on aerial photographs and were classified as a ‘Class III Archaeological Site’. The assessments identified a high potential for settlement remains of Iron Age/Roman date in the south west and west of the site which, if identified during intrusive archaeological investigations, would be of local significance. There was considered to be a low potential for remains of post-medieval/modern date relating to agricultural and mining activity, which if present, would also be of local significance. A low/nil potential for remains of all other periods was identified.

Condition 47 of the planning consent required additional archaeological works, which comprised (in the first instance) a geophysical survey of the site in order to identify the presence and location of potential archaeological features. The results of the geophysical survey identified a number of areas of archaeological potential which would need to be investigated further by using intrusive archaeological techniques. The first phase of intrusive archaeological work comprised the machine excavation of 102 trial trenches. The trial trenching exercise identified certain, smaller areas of the site which have some archaeological features (i.e. primarily in the west and south-west). The remainder of the site had very little archaeology. As such, the majority of it did not require any further archaeological work. The trial trenching exercise successfully enabled the identification of several discreet areas of the site which have archaeological features. These were investigated further by more detailed archaeological intrusive work through strip and record excavation on several hectares of the site.